Italian Eni completes ‘historic’ test in energy fusion project, Energy News, ET EnergyWorld
The test showed that the next-generation superconducting magnet built by MIT’s Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) unit could generate a magnetic field strong enough to contain a flow of superheated plasma in a fusion power plant.
Eni said the goal was to use so-called magnetic confinement fusion technology to build a first fusion reactor over the next decade to generate zero-emission electricity.
As governments around the world redouble their efforts to tackle climate change, energy companies like Eni have launched ambitious transition strategies to reduce their carbon footprint and switch to clean energy.
“For Eni, magnetic confinement fusion plays a central role in technological research for decarbonization, as it (will allow) humanity to access large amounts of produced energy,” said Claudio Descalzi, CEO of ‘Eni.
Eni has been a CFS shareholder since 2018. CFS is working on a project based on a system known as a tokamak, which uses superconducting magnets to keep plasma at temperatures of up to 100 million degrees.
To generate electricity, the heat produced by the fusion of hydrogen isotopes is used to turn steam turbines in a conventional manner.
CFS has confirmed the roadmap of its project of building a first experimental device with net energy production by 2025 with a first plant to start supplying energy to the network during the decade from 2030, Eni said.